Dr Kevin Markham, Consultant Anaesthetist and Director of the Pain Management Service at Frimley Park Hospital NHS Trust in Surrey, writes that:
Invasive forms of pain management [for scoliosis-related
pain] are directed at specific anatomical structures and usually involve
the introduction of fine X-ray-guided needles to the anatomical source
of pain and the subsequent injection of a local anaesthetic and steroid.
This has been proven to be of considerable assistance in the alleviation
of pain, particularly in specific joint dysfunctions such as the inflammation
of the costo-vertebral joints and facet joints.
(Backbone, The Scoliosis Association, London, September 1995, p12)
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